Brain Perfusion Scintigraphy

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Brain Perfusion Scintigraphy is a functional nuclear imaging technique performed to evaluate regional cerebral perfusion. The cerebral blood flow is closely linked to neuronal activity, the activity distribution is presumed to reflect neuronal activity levels in different areas of the brain. A lipophilic, PH-neutral radiopharmaceutical (most commonly99m Tc-hexamethylpropyleneamine oxime [HMPAO] and99m Tc-ethylene cysteine diethylester [ECD], with a half-life of 6.02 hours) is injected into the patient, which crosses the blood-brain barrier and continues to emit gamma rays. A 3-dimensional representation of cerebral blood flow can be iterated using gamma detectors, allowing for interpretation.

❰❰ PATIENTS INSTRUCTIONS

• This procedure requires exposure to radioactive material.
• If there is a possibility that you are pregnant, please inform the Nuclear Medicine staff.
• If you are breast-feeding, please inform the Nuclear Medicine staff.
• Fasting is not required for this procedure.
• Please empty your bladder before the scan.
• For 4 hours after the injection: Drink plenty of water and empty your bladder frequently.
• This procedure requires an injection of a radioactive material.
• If there is a possibility that you are pregnant, please inform the Nuclear Medicine staff.
• If you are breast-feeding, please inform the Nuclear Medicine staff.
• CONTRAINDICATIONS: This test should NOT be done if patient:
o Allergic to sulphur .
o Has migraine.
o Had acute stroke 3 days ago.
• Please inform the Nuclear Medicine staff if you have any of the contraindications mentioned above.
• 24 hours before the test STOP* medications that affect brain flow such as:
o Benzodiazepines.
o Valium.
o Xanax.
* Check with your referral doctor if you can stop taking these medications and use alternative ones.
• Do not stop other medications.
• 24 hours before the test STOP caffeine products such as:
o Coffee.
o Tea.
o Chocolates.
o Colas.
• Fasting is NOT required for this procedure
• Patient should be well hydrated.
• For 4 hours after the injection: Drink plenty of water and empty your bladder frequently.
• This procedure requires an injection of a radioactive material.
• If there is a possibility that you are pregnant, please inform the Nuclear Medicine staff.
• If you are breast-feeding, please inform the Nuclear Medicine staff.
• CONTRAINDICATIONS: This test should NOT be done if patient:
o Allergic to sulphur .
o Has migraine.
o Had acute stroke 3 days ago.
• Please inform the Nuclear Medicine staff if you have any of the contraindications mentioned above.
• 24 hours before the test STOP* medications that affect brain flow such as:
o Benzodiazepines.
o Valium.
o Xanax.
* Check with your referral doctor if you can stop taking these medications and use alternative ones.
• Do not stop other medications.
• 24 hours before the test STOP caffeine products such as:
o Coffee.
o Tea.
o Chocolates.
o Colas.
• Fasting is NOT required for this procedure
• Patient should be well hydrated.
• For 4 hours after the injection: Drink plenty of water and empty your bladder frequently.
• This procedure requires injection of radioactive material.
• If there is a possibility that the patient is pregnant, please inform the Nuclear Medicine staff.
• Fasting is not required for this procedure.
• The patient should be sent well hydrated for the study (intravenous fluids).

❰❰ RADIATION SAFETY

Are Nuclear Medicine procedures safe?2020-12-08T10:21:58+03:00

Nuclear medicine diagnostic procedures are safe except for pregnant ladies, unless it is requested by the physician for exceptional cases. However, the procedure better to be discussed with the doctor to know the desired benefits of the test and the alternative procedures, or you can ask the the nuclear medicine specialist about the procedure.

Should I wear a lead apron?2020-11-25T14:38:49+03:00

No, you shouldn’t because nuclear medicine scans use high-energy radioisotopes, the radiation passes directly from the other person without interacting with tissues. In contrast, wearing a lead apron slows down the radiation beam, which allows it to deposit its energy in the body and interact with tissues.

Are there risks from radiation?2020-12-08T12:45:27+03:00

The risks from diagnostic doses are usually small compared to other lifetime risks to which the patient is exposed to and the amount of radiation dose in most diagnostic procedures is less than an x-ray, CT scan, or fluoroscopy.

What is the expected damage from radiation?2020-12-08T10:32:23+03:00

When the body is exposed to radiation, tissue damage may occur, which in turn may damage DNA or chromosomes, increasing the risk of genetic mutations. When a fetus is exposed to radiation doses, it may cause abnormalities in an organ or irreparable damage and if the radiation dose is too high, it may cause the death of the fetus.

The radioactive dose used in diagnostic procedures in nuclear medicine is very low, unlike radiation treatments in which the amount of radioactive dose is high and this gives the desired effect on the tissues or organs when radiotherapy. That is why the patient must undergo a pregnancy test in the event of suspicion or if the pregnancy is uncertain before starting the therapeutic doses.

Does the patient become a danger to his family?2020-12-08T10:51:15+03:00

In diagnostic procedures the radioactivity is very low. However, the patient may be asked to maintain a distance of approximately one meter between him and his family members for a period of time given by the nuclear medicine specialist to protect them from exposure to radiation.

One the other hand, in therapeutic procedures, the patients may present some slight risk to their family members if they do not follow the INSTRUCTIONS ON RADIATION SAFETY given to them by the nuclear medicine specialist.

❰❰ CLINICAL GUIDELINES

What you need to know about Nuclear Medicine
Basic Introduction to Nuclear Medicine
By |2021-07-30T13:33:25+03:00May 26th, 2014|Central nervous system|

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Nuclear Medicine Specialist at Hafr Al-Batin Central Hospital, developer and administrator of NuclearMed Website.

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